There is a lot wrong (or perhaps misguided, in my opinion) in this article. It's hard to know where to start. However, let me start by saying that what follows is simply to point out the holes of Ferrara's arguments from a factual standpoint, as it is presented; In no way am I asserting that if we accept what he says to be wrong, then the logical implication is that Obama's solutions are automatically right. In fact, I'm not going to talk to Obama's policies at all. So, let's begin.
the top 1% of income earners paid 39% of all federal income taxes, three times their share of income at 13%. Yet, the middle 20% of income earners, the true middle class, paid just 2.7% of total federal income taxes on net that year, while earning 15% of income.His line of reasoning here only works if you agree that every dollar has equal worth (which, they don't). In that case, what he puts foward does suggest that there is a flaw *somewhere* in the system; I don't think anyone is denying that. However, what is more startling are the ratios between percentage of income to percentage of income earners. The difference between (13/1) and (15/30) means that the top 1% is making 1700% more than the middle 20%! And that's only with the conservative bounds that Farrara has chosen. That gap will certainly expotentially increase as you widen the bounds to include the lower class and the upper class (1% is what I would call "elite upper class").
Any normal person would say that such an income tax system is more than fair, or maybe that “the rich” pay more than their fair share.Yes, perhaps so, but "any normal person" isn't qualified to make these judgements (we like to think we are, though). Economics, like any other science, is non obvious; that's why we have economists and trained professionals. Anyways, point is: the "any normal person would..." card is a straw-man's argument.
The answer is that to President Obama this is still not fair because he is a Marxist. To a Marxist, the fact that the top 1% earn more income than the bottom 99% is not fair, no matter how they earn it, fairly or not. So it is not fair unless more is taken from the top 1% until they are left only with what they “need,” as in any true communist system. Paying anything less is not their “fair” share. __That is the only logical explanation of President Obama’s rhetoric__, and it is 100% consistent with his own published background.No it's not. Like most things in this world, there isn't a binary right or wrong, yes or no, "this way or that way answer" solution or answer to everything (or most things for that metter). Following that, his jump to "Obama is a Marxist" is a long leap to make and equally ignorant (I actually doubt this man is ignorant, but rather knows his readers well).
Good tax policy is not guided by “need.” It is guided by what is needed to establish the incentives to maximize economic growth.Says who? (no, seriously) There's a lot of debate about this, but I hardly think what he suggests here is a "good thing"(™). A tax policy that optimizes only for "economic growth" doesn't speak at all to economic distribution. In my book (okay, I'm interjecting an opinion here), a good tax policy would ensure the largest amount of people are living comfortable, with small but noticeable degrees of variance -- the variance allowing for the opportunity to achieve greater economic success (i.e. to ensure that the motivation to "rise the ranks" still exists, a key component of the "American Dream").
The middle class, working people and the poor are benefited far more by economic growth than by redistribution. That is shown by the entire 20th century, where the standard of living of American workers increased by more than 7 times, through sustained, rapid economic growth.This is blatantly false. Our initial economic booms were due to labor exploitation (child labor, poor working conditions, no minimum wage, etc.) and the military industrial complex. Secondly, if you look at the tax rates through the 50s and 60s, some of the argueably better economics years of the 20th century, you will see that what Farrara is arguing about tax is completely contrairy to the actual statistics (which, at the very least suggests that there is no causitive relationship between tax rates and economic health, and at the best suggests that high taxes that essentially scale with your income are causitive to the economy's health. In reality, it suggests something in between). For example, take these statistics of incomes adjusted for inflation vs marginal tax rates: in 1960, a single person making $1,163,483 dollars was taxed at the rate of 90% and a head of house making $100,000 was taxed at 36%.
But President Obama’s tax policy of increasing all tax rates on savings and investment will work exactly contrary to such economic growth. It is savings and investment which creates jobs and increases productivity and wages. Under capitalism, capital and labor are complementaryThese are unsubstantiated assertions. He gives no reason why I should believe what he says.
Anyways, I must admit, I don't have the energy to persist in my writing. I'm tired and still have homework to do (which involves much, much denser, drier reading than that of Farrara's… :)). I'll just conclude in saying that although there are some claims that Farrara makes that seem to be substantiated (however, I'm skeptical that real substantiation can be provided in a Forbes article), the large majority of his claims aren't sufficiently (or at all) substantiated. For that reason alone, I would take everything that this man writes in such Forbes-like articles with a grain of salt.
 Think about the value of $50 to someone making minimum wage to a multi-millionaire or billionaire. If each person respectively were to lose a $50 bill, the so decrease in so called "opportunity cost" between the two is hugely different (i.e. A minimum wage worker will "get a lot more" out of that $50 bill). Ideally "fairness" needs to be judged upon an adjusted scale of relative value.